Kamakura Weather, Climate, Exchange Rates, Videos, Pictures, Reviews, Events, Hotels, News.. and more

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  • History - Enter the Shoguns You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: Shimizu77  

    Japan’s austere, ruthless, but statesmanlike new ruler, Yoritomo Minamoto set up his government in Kamakura well away from the “softening” influence of court life that had been the undoing of his predecessor, Kiyomori, First of the national rulers to take the title of sei=I tai-shogun (“barbarian-sub-during great general”), Minamoto expanded and consolidated his power by confiscating lands form some of the defeated Taira and redistributing them to his samurai vassals.

    Minamoto died in 1199, and the feudal structure passed intact to the tutelage of his widow’s family, the Hojo, who were content to paly regent to a figurehead shogun, in much the same way as the Fujiwara had done with the emperor. The fiction of Japanese imperial power had become infinitely extendable, the emperor at Kyto- still seconded by a Fujiwara regent at court—legitimized a minamoto who was himself a military dictator controlled by a Hojo regent. In a country where form and substance were inextricably interrelated, two things counted in politics: symbolic authority and real power. Neither could exist without the other.

    A thwarted Mongol invasion in 1274 weakened the Kamakura regime. The fighting brought none of the usual spoils of war that provincial warlords and samurai had come to expect as payment. And the treasury was empty after earthquake, famine and plague had crippled the economy. Buddhist monasteries were using their private armies to support imperial ambitions to bring power back to Kyoto. Worst of all the Kamakura warriors resenting the way the Kyoto court referred to them as “Eastern barbarians,” sought refinement in a ruinous taste for luxury: extravagant feasts, rice costumes, and opulent homes. Kamakura was falling apart.

  • Overview You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: Shimizu77  
    Kamakura, less than an hour south of Tokyo by train, was the seat of Japan’s first military government.

    The Kamakura shogunate was founded late in the 12th century after a long and bloody rivalry between two noble factions over control of the imperial court.

    The victorious Minamoto clan chose Kamakura as its headquarters because this fishing village girded on there sides by steep wooded hills was natural fortress. Here they created what most of us envision as the “Way of the Samurai”; the values codes religion, and culture of a warrior caste that would rule Japan for 700 years.

    Much of the culture was inspired by the Rinzai sect of Zen Buddhism and its sense of discipline and self-control, its austere philosophy of art and life.

    The shogunate founded great numbers of Zen temples in Kamakura. Many are still standing, and some are registered as National Treasures.

    From the Japan Railway’s station at Kita (North) Kamakura, about an hour from Tokyo on the Yokosuka Line, you can easily reach six temples in the nearby vicinity of here.
  • What can you see and do? You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: Shimizu77  
    Don’t miss Tsuru-ga-oka Hachimangu, the Shrine complex built by Yoritomo no Minamoto, the first Kamakura shogun. Its was dedicated to the legendary Emperor Ojin, from whom Yoritomo claimed descent.

    As part of the mid-September festival at this shrine, there is a spectacular tournament of archery on horseback (yabusame), in which contestants dressed in the costume of Kamakura-period huntsmen must hit a series of there small wooden targets as they come down a narrow course at full gallop.

    The spacing between the targets gives the rider just barely enough time to drop the reins, notch and fire an arrow, and regain, control of his mount.

    On the grounds of the shrine are two museums. The Kamakura Municipal Museum of Modern Art houses a collection of Japanese oil painting, watercolors, wood block prints and sculpture. The Kokukokan (National Treasure Museum) has fine collection of objects form various Kamakura temples and shrines, including some excellent 13th -century painting.

    A ten-minute walk east of the Hachimangu, cross a shallow stream on the right for Takedera, better known as the “Bamboo Temple.” Located in the midst of a small but dense bamboo grove, the temple has a delightful pavilion where visitors can enjoy a bowl of thick green matcha, the green brew served in the tea ceremony.

    Also east of the Hachimangu is the tomb of Yoritomo – an exceedingly plain and modest affair compared with the way a later dynasty of shoguns chose to immortalize themselves at Nikko. In many ways Yoritomo was a less then admirable figure in Japanese history, but you still might want to stop at this little moss-covered stone pagoda to pay your respects.

    If for nothing else, Yoritomo earns our admiration for his determination to create a “Seated Buddha” for his capital to rival the huge bronze figure made in 749 for Todaiji temple in Nara. That idea bore fruit in 1292 with the casting of the 120-ton Daibutsu in the courtyard of Kotoku-in temple -after Mr. Fuji, probably the most photographed icon of Japan.

    The massive seated figure, 11.4 m (37 ft) high sites in the classical pose of the Amida Buddha (“Compassionate one”), his hands resting in his lap, the thumbs touching the palms and the eyes half-closed in an expression of profound serenity.

    The statue is hollow, and you can climb a staircase inside to look out through a window between the Buddha’s shoulders. A temple was originally built to house the figure, but this structure was destroyed in a tidal wave in 1495. For the five centuries since then, the Buddha has been dispensing his benevolence to visitors in the open air.

    The Daibutsu and Kotoku-in temple are in Hase, the district in the western part of Kamakura. The other major attraction here is Hasedera. In the Kannon Hall of this temple is the largest wooden devotional figure in the country; a statue of the “Eleven-Faced Goddess of Mercy”, some 10 m (33 ft) high, carved from a single tree trunk and covered in gold leaf.

    The 10 smaller heads in her crown symbolize her ability to search in all directions for those in need of compassion. No one knows for certain when the figure as carved; one legend dates it to the early 8th century.

    The Amida Hall of Hasedera houses the image of a seated Amida Buddha, endowed by Minamoto no Yoritomo when he was 42 a particularly unlucky age according to popular Japanese belief.

    Yoritomo’s piety bought him a little more time to enjoy his success; he was 52 when he was thrown by a horse and died of his injures.

  • Where to go next? You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: Shimizu77  
    Kamakura history was not shaped by the Minamoto clan alone. No account of this area would be complete without the story of Nichiren (1222-1282), the monk who founded the only native Japanese sect of Buddhism, Nichiren’s defiance of both Zen and Jodo (“Pure Land”) Buddhism eventually persuaded the shogunate to order him beheaded on a hill to the south of Hase.

    However, legend says that, just as the executioner raised his sword, a lighting bolt struck and broke it in two. Before he could try again, a messenger arrived with an order commuting Nichiren’s sentence to exile ton the island of Sadogashima.

    Later, in 1337, the Nichiren sect built the Ryukoji temple on the same hill. On the nearby Sagami Bayshore are yoigahama and Shichirgahama. Two of the beaches closest to the metropolitan area.

    In the hot humid summer months in can feel as if the entire population of Tokyo and Yokohama is here, searching in vain for a vacant patch of sand.

    Equally popular is Enoshima, the little island just offshore, with a hill in the middle the affords on clear days a fine view of Mt. Fuji and the Izu Peninsula.
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    Accommodation near Kamakura

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    Hotels near Kamakura

    Landmarks near Kamakura

    Looking for something to do or a place to go see near Kamakura? Here is our list of options.

    • Yokosuka Arts Theatre
      11.38 Km from Kamakura
      Yokosuka Arts Theatre (横須賀芸術劇場, Yokosuka Geijutsu Gekijō) is part of the mixed-use Bay Square complex in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. It opened in 1994. The horseshoe-shaped theatre seats 1,806 and there is a smaller hall, the Yokosuka Bayside Pocket, with a capacity of 600. The Bay Square complex is by Kenzo Tange, with acoustical design of the halls by Nagata Acoustics.
    • Yokohama Curry Museum
      16.05 Km from Kamakura
      The Yokohama Curry Museum (横濱カレーミュージアム, Yokohama Karē Myūjiamu) was a restaurant and historic museum of curry in the Isezakichō district of the port city of Yokohama, Japan, between 2001 and 2007. Different types of curry were available from a selection or restaurants, ranging from a full meal to a quick taste option. The museum included a recreation of Yokohama's port in the late 19th century. Exhibits lined the walls and part of the central area built in the form of a ship at port. On the eigh...
    • Christ Church, Yokohama
      16.18 Km from Kamakura
      Christ Church, Yokohama (横浜山手聖公会 Yokohama Yamate Seikokai) is a historic Anglican church located in Yamate, Yokohama, Japan. Providing a center of worship for both Japanese and English language based congregations the church traces its foundation to 1863, shortly after the formal opening of the treaty port of Yokohama. The church building has been rebuilt and refurbished on several occasions as a result of fires, earthquakes and the incendiary bombing experienced during the later stages of the S...
    • Yokohama Stadium
      16.20 Km from Kamakura
      For the football (soccer) stadium, see International Stadium Yokohama Yokohama Stadium (横浜スタジアム, Yokohama Sutajiamu) is a stadium in Naka Ward, Yokohama, Japan. It opened in 1978 and holds 30,000 people. It is primarily used for baseball and is the home field of the Yokohama DeNA BayStars. The stadium is unique, because it features dirt around the bases and pitcher's mound, but with dirt colored turf infield and base paths. The entire green portion of the field is now turf. The stadium is one o...
    • Muza Kawasaki Symphony Hall
      27.11 Km from Kamakura
      Muza Kawasaki Symphony Hall (ミューザ川崎シンフォニーホール, Myūza Kawasaki Shinfonī Hōru) is a concert hall in Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan. The name is coined from music and za (座) lit. 'seat'. The vineyard-style concert hall, with a capacity of 1,997, was built for the eightieth anniversary of the foundation of the city. The hall opened in July, 2004 with a performance of Mahler's Symphony No. 8 by the Tokyo Symphony Orchestra. In that year the orchestra, previously without a permanent home, took up...
    • Lazona Kawasaki Plaza
      27.38 Km from Kamakura
      Lazona Kawasaki Plaza (ラゾーナ川崎プラザ, Razōna Kawasaki puraza) is a shopping mall in Saiwai-ku, Kawasaki, Japan. The mall adjoins the west side Kawasaki Station.
    • Kawasaki Stadium
      27.43 Km from Kamakura
      Kawasaki Stadium (川崎球場, Kawasaki Kyūjō) was a stadium in Kawasaki, Kanagawa, Japan. The stadium was opened in 1952 and had a capacity of 30,000 people. It was primarily used for baseball and was home of the Taiyo Whales until they moved to Yokohama in 1977 and became the Yokohama Taiyo Whales. It was also home to the Takahashi Unions from 1954 to 1956, before they became the Daiei Unions, and the Lotte Orions before they moved to Chiba in 1992 and became the Chiba Lotte Marines.
    • Kawasaki Velodrome
      27.60 Km from Kamakura
      True
    • Nihon-ji
      31.62 Km from Kamakura
      True
    • Nihon Minka-en
      32.35 Km from Kamakura
      True

    Points of Interest near Kamakura

    Looking for important things or something to do or a place to go see near Kamakura? Here is our list of options.

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    • Tokeiji
      Known as the “Divorce Temple,” which was unique as a sanctuary for the women of the warrior caste seeking an escape from unhappy marriages. If the victim managed to make her way here and stay for three years as a nun, she could obtain a decree of divorce from the shogunate and go free.

      The homotsukan (treasure house) of Tokeiji has a collection of Kamakura-period paintings, sculpture, and calligraphy, some of which are registered as Important Cultural Objects. Also on the ground is the Matsugaoka Bunko, a research library established in memory of D.T. Suzuki (1870-1966), who pioneered the study of Zen Buddhism in the West.
      Tokeiji 1367 Yamanouchi, Kamakura-shi, Kanagawa-ken 247-0062, Japan
    • Engakuji
      Engakuji, founded in 1282, became the second most important in the group of monasteries called the Gozan (“Five Mountains”) a hierarchy established in the 14teh century for the Zen temples under the official patronage of the shogunate.

      Engakuji is Kamakura’s largest temple complex; often wracked by fire and earthquake, 17 of the original 46 building have survived.

      Two of these are registered as National Treasures: the shariden (hall of holy relics) built in 1282 and the huge belfry on the hill above.

      The bell 2.5 m (8-ft) tall, was cast in 1301. The belfry on the hill above. The principle building open to the public at Engakuji is the butsunishi-an ceremonial hall, where visitors can take part in a tea ceremony.
      Engakuji 409 Yamanouchi, Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture 247-0247, Japan
    • Yokohama

      Situated 20 km (12.5 miles southwest of Tokyo, Yokohama was an unimportant little fishing village until 1854, when Japan’s long centuries of self-imposed isolation came to an end.

      Foreign diplomat’s traders, and missionaries where at last able to enter the country. But the unrest they inspired prompted the Tokugawa government to move theme all here to guarded compound on the village flats ostensibly to guarantee their safety, but more importantly to contain the contamination of their uncouth way’s and ideas.

      The ploy worked well enough until the Meiji Restoration, when those Western ideas where needed to modernize the country. In 1869 Yokohama became an international port, and the burgeoning international community quickly spread beyond its confinement to the high ground still known today as the Bluff. In 1872 Japan’s first railway went into service between Yokohama and Tokyo, and the city began to flourish.

      The two cities have twice shared the same destructive fate. The great Kanto earthquake of 1923 destroyed some 60000 homes in Yokohama and took over 20000 lives. The next twenty years of reconstruction and growth were wiped out overnight, in may 1945, when American bomber leveled nearly half the city. the harbor was hastily restored during the Korean War and today is one of the busiest and most important trading ports in the world.

      With a population of some three million, Yokohama no longer sits in Tokyo‘s shadow. In many respects, in fact, it is the more cosmopolitan city preferred by many residents of the greater metropolitan area as a place to live the work. If you are on a short visit to Japan, your excursion time might be better spent elsewhere. But Yokohama’s great waterfront, port redevelopment project, museums, and restaurants should still keep it high on your list.

      Yokohama, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
    • Nippon Maru Memorial Park
      Located on the "Bund" waterfront in Yokohama is the Nippon-Maru Memorial Park, where pride of place goes to the three-masted sailing ship popularly called the “Swan of the Pacific.”

      Now a training vessel, it is open to visitors on guided tours.
      Nippon Maru Memorial Park 2 Chome-2-1-1 Minatomirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken 220-0012, Japan
    • Yokohama Museum of Art Grand Gallery
      Designed by Tange Kenzo and housing works by both Western and Japanese artists, including Picasso, Braque, Kandinsky, Kishida Ryusei, and Yokoyama Taikan.
      Yokohama Museum of Art Grand Gallery 3 Chome-4-1 Minatomirai, Nishi-ku, Yokohama-shi, Kanagawa-ken 220-0012, Japan
    • Japan
      No info yet.. Please go to this page and enter some.
      Japan, 〒220-0005 Kanagawa Prefecture, Yokohama, 西区南幸 2-1-22 相鉄ムービル 3F
    • Japan
      No info yet.. Please go to this page and enter some.
      Japan, 〒212-0011 Kanagawa Prefecture, Kawasaki, Saiwai Ward, Saiwaicho, 2 Chome−679 河辺ビル 2F
    • Sengaku-ji

      Located in Shinagawa which is, otherwise not very rich in tourist attractions; this is one gem that should not be missed.

      Sengakuki is a temple that evokes one of the most popular stories in all of premodern Japanese history.

      Thousands of visitors come annually to Sengakuji to lay incense on the tombstones and walk through the small museum called Hall of the Loyal Retainers, where weapons, personal effects, and other memorabilia are preserved.

      Sengaku-ji 2 Chome-11-1 Takanawa, Minato-ku, Tōkyō-to 108-0074, Japan
    • Shibuya Station
      An estimated three million people pass through Shibuya station every day.
      Shibuya Station 2 Chome Dogenzaka, Shibuya, Tokyo 150-0002, Japan
    • NHK Studio Park
      The NHK Broadcasting Center is headquarters for Japan’s public television network-a must for anyone wishing to see how Samurai epics are made.

      The best place for more information is your hotel or the Tourist Information Center which have information on this.  Ask for the “Studio Park” guided tour for the NHK soundstages.
      NHK Studio Park 2 Chome-2-1 Jinnan, 渋谷区 Shibuya-ku, Tōkyō-to 150-8001, Japan

    Exchange Rate History Japan

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    Climate near Kamakura

    Do you know of anything else about the enviroment that makes you happy to come to Kamakura? If it's a city or neighbourhood are there any climatic, or microclimatic features that you could tell others about. If the location is a building or place, then can you describe it maybe as "sun-lit", or "cold in the mornings". We'd love you to contribute - why not let us know in the drop box below

    Graphic showing average weather in Kamakura in Celcius and Centimeters (Change to Farenheit and Inches)

    Month Temp °C Rainfall Cm Temp °F Rainfall Inches
    Jan 4.6 63.9 40.3 25.2
    Feb 4.8 100.7 40.6 39.6
    Mar 8.1 131.6 46.6 51.8
    Apr 13.5 160 56.3 63
    May 17.7 143.8 63.9 56.6
    Jun 21.4 190.2 70.5 74.9
    Jul 25.6 140.7 78.1 55.4
    Aug 26.7 196 80.1 77.2
    Sep 23.3 271.3 73.9 106.8
    Oct 17.4 238.9 63.3 94.1
    Nov 12.3 120.2 54.1 47.3
    Dec 7.4 94.3 45.3 37.1

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        Summary

        Name : Kamakura
        Address : Kamakura, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan
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