Parthenon Weather, Climate, Exchange Rates, Videos, Pictures, Reviews, Events, Hotels, News.. and more

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  • Overview You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: chinalove  

    The French poet Lamartine called the Parthenon the ‘most perfect poem in stone’ and it is truely the magnificent beauty of the greatest architectural achievement of classical Greece.

    The Parthenon – meaning Temple of the Virgin – was dedicated to Athena, goddess of wisdom and justice, protectress of the city. It was designed by the sculptor Phidias using ancient principles of sacred numerology, geometry and architecture, and was executed by master architects Ictinus and Callicrates.

    The columns swell gently at the middle, leaning slightly inward, and the floor surface is convex. It is quite astonishing, but nowhere in the temple is there a straight line. One theory holds that this was designed to counteract the optical illusion by which straight lines, seen from a distance, appear to bend. All the subtly curving departures from both true vertical and horizontal give life and rhythmic movement to the stone. What’s more – and this is the architectural stroke of genius – they give the structure a magnificent symmetry.

    Aside from its cult functions, this supreme example of the Doric temple symbolized Athenian imperial glory as well as holding the national treasury. Ancient pagan temples were meant to be appreciated from the outside, so the Parthenon’s altar, where live offerings were slaughtered, actually stood outside the building, positioned opposite the eastern façade. Only a handful of privileged persons – priests or high officials – were permitted to enter the sacred cella (inner temple).

    Those admitted were able to view Phidias’ masterpiece, the 12m (39ft) high statue depicting Athena Parthenos, Athena the virgin, made of wood and covered with ivory and gold. The great ancient Greek historian Thucydides records its weight as 40 talents (1,052kg) or 2,320lb) which was a conservative estimate. By the 4th century AD it had vanished forever, but you can see a 2nd century AD copy, the Varvakeion Athena, in the National Archaeological Museum – at 1½ the original size.

    The decoration of the Parthenon was arguably the most ambitious of any temple the world has seen, with sculptures at three levels. Little of this remains. The renowned ‘Elgin Marblrs’ were removed by the British ambassador to Constantinople at the start of the 19th century with Turkish permission, and are now in the British Museum in London. Since then the Greek government has lobbied long and hard for their return.

    Above the plain beam resting on the columns were 92 panels, each sculpted at 1.2m (4ft) square, called metopes, illustrating scenes of ancient conflict. Over the centuries most have been destroyed or removed (12 are in the British Museum). The best one that is still on show here is of a young Lapith, a mountain tribesman from Thessaly, struggling with a centaur.

    Two massive triangular pediments, now virtually empty, crown the front and rear ends of the Parthenon. Once they were adorned with some 50 larger – than – life statues representing the legends of Athena. 

  • History You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: chinalove  

    Work began in 447 BC and lasted nine years. Marble from Mount Pentelikon (16km or 10 miles northwest of the city), famous for its pure, milky-white grain, was quarried specially for the temple. It has acquired its present honey colour with the passage of time.

    Only the roof and doors were made of wood. The Parthenon is 70m long and 30m wide (228ft by 101ft). Its 46 exterior columns each rise 10m (34ft), and are constructed of about a dozen fluted marble drums placed one above the other.

    Although the building itself was largely left in its natural marble colour, archaeological evidence shows that the decorative elements were pained in vivid reds and blues. During the 6th century AD, under Byzantine power, the Parthenon became the Church of Saint Sophia (Sophia, like Athena, means ‘wisdom’). In 1205 AD, Frankish crusaders captured the Acropolis and turned into a Catholic cathedral.

    Then the Turks, in the 15th century, used it first as a mosque (the Erechtheion was taken as the military commander’s harem) and then as a munitions store, as which it was badly damaged by Venetian shell fire in 1686. Restoration work on the Acropolis began after Greek independence in 1833, and has continued ever since.

  • Architecture of this and other Greek Temples You can't Edit

    Users Assigned: chinalove  

    The harmony and power of classical Greek temples came not from inspiration alone, but from the application of the ancient principles of number and form, known as sacred geometry. There were some definite rules: the height of a Doric column had to be 5½ times the diameter of its base; and that of an ionic column 10½ times.

    Another key proportion in the Doric temple was 4:9. This is the ratio between the breath and length of the Parthenon, between the shorter side and ceiling height of the inner precinct, and between the diameter of the 46 outer columns and the distance between any two of them.

    The same ratio applied to the Propylaea which, if completed, would have been as wide as the Parthenon is long).

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    Accommodation near Parthenon

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    Hotels near Parthenon

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      Landmarks near Parthenon

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      • Titania (Hotel)
        1.31 Km from Parthenon
        Titania Hotel is a 4 star historic hotel in the center of Athens, Greece. It is located on Panepistimiou Street, in the heart of the historical and commercial centre of the Greek capital, between the two major squares, Syntagma and Omonoia. Titania has been renovated in 2004 and 2007, is decorated with Pentelic marble, and exquisite inlaid mosaics with themes from Greek history. Titania has two of the largest conference centers in central Athens, the "Europa" and "Ouranos", h...
      • National Gallery (Athens)
        2.02 Km from Parthenon
        The National Art Gallery and Alexander Soutzos Museum (Greek: Εθνική Πινακοθήκη, Ethniki Pinakothiki) is an art museum in Athens devoted to Greek and European art from the 14th century to the 20th century. It is directed by Marina Lambraki-Plaka.
      • Badminton Theater
        4.51 Km from Parthenon
        True
      • Vorres Museum
        10.80 Km from Parthenon
        The Vorres Museum is a diachronic museum of folk and contemporary art in Paiania, East Attica, Greece. Its grounds cover 80 acres (320,000 m2) including several buildings, gardens and courtyards. Its collection includes over 6000 pieces covering 4000 years of Greek history and art. The museum has been donated by the Vorres family to the Greek state. Its President and Founder was Ian Vorres (1924 - 2015), who studied in Canada at Queen's University and Toronto University.
      • Folk Art Museum of Acharnes
        11.59 Km from Parthenon
        The Folk Art Museum of Acharnes is a museum in Acharnes, a northern suburb of Athens, Greece. It was founded in 1977 by the local Greek Mountaineering Society, which also formed the Historical and Folklore Association in 1981, to which it bequeathed the museum in 1982. The archaeological part of the collection was then separated from the historical and folklore material and was given to the Hellenic Ministry of Culture. Former Minister Melina Mercouri founded for it the Archaeological Museum of ...
      • Ano Liosia Olympic Hall
        12.74 Km from Parthenon
        True
      • Attica Zoological Park
        15.87 Km from Parthenon
        Attica Zoological Park, is a 20-hectare (49-acre) private zoo located in the Athens suburb of Spata, Greece. The zoo is home to about 2000 animals representing 400 species, and is open 365 days per year. Attica Zoological Park is a member of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA).
      • Marathon Dam
        26.77 Km from Parthenon
        The Marathon Dam is a gravity dam on the Charadros River, near its junction with the Varnavas Stream, 8 km (5 mi) west of Marathon and 45 km (28 mi) northeast of Athens in Greece. The dam created Lake Marathon for the primary purpose of municipal water supply. Constructed between 1926 and 1929, it was the sole supplier of water to Athens until 1959. The dam is often cited for its role in the modernization of Greece and the first recorded case of seismic activity associated with reservoir inundat...
      • Terra Vibe Park
        29.65 Km from Parthenon
        Terra Vibe is a park in Attica, Greece, which is used as a venue for large-scale outdoor events, such as concerts and festivals. Opened in 2004, it has hosted events such as the Rockwave Festival and Terra Vibe Festival, and covers 40 acres (160,000 m2). In 2010, the Sonisphere Festival took place and the Big Four of thrash metal performed with headliners Metallica. Mötley Crüe were due to play Rockwave in 2009 as part of the Crüe Fest tour but due to heavy rain in the Malakasa area, the venue w...

      Points of Interest near Parthenon

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      • Erechtheion

        Across the Acropolis plateau at the northern wall stands the Erechtheion, a temple unlike any other in the ancient world. It originally housed three cults – those of Athena, Poseidon and Erechtheus – in one building. Constructed on irregular ground, the sharply different foundations contribute to its amalgamated shape. Built entirely in wartime, this was the last temple to go up on the Acropolis. Construction lasted 15 years, with the dedication being carried out in 406 BC.

        This was the site of the legendary contest between Athena and Poseidon. In a corner of the north porch you’ll find an uncovered hole containing a rock with markings. According to some, these were made by Poseidon’s trident; another version relates that Zeus sent a lightning bolt down upon the scarred rock.

        The most famous features of the Erechtheion, are the southern Porch of the Caryatids, where six pound, elegant maidens hold up the roof. Though named after a village near Sparta whose girls were noted in antiquity for their upright posture, the Caryatids were actually Athenians. The long tunics are draped in imitation of column flutings, while the fruit baskets on their heads replace capitals. The portico protected a holy place, the tomb of Athens’ mythical founder – king, Cecrops.

        Today’s statues are replicas. Five of the originals were taken inside the Acropolis Museum after being damaged by pollution, the decay reaching 6mm (¼in) in depth. The sixth figure was removed by Lord Elgin to the British Museum.

        Erechtheion Akropolis, Athina 105 58, Greece
      • Acropolis of Athens

        This ancient citadel and landmark of Athens contains some of the world’s finest monuments of the antiquity, including the Parthenon and the Erechtheion, with its unusual Porch of the Caryatids. Admission includes entrance to the Acropolis Museum. These are wonderful views over Athens and the ancient Agora.

        This 4ha (10-acre) rock rising 90m (300ft) above the plain of the Attica reigns over Athens with timeless majesty. Its name is derived from Greek and means ‘high town’: acro -- highest point and polis – town or city. It also means ‘citadel’.

        Acropolis of Athens Athens 105 58, Greece
      • Propylaea

        Six Doric columns mark the monumental entrance to the Acropolis. More than a grand gateway, the function of the Propylaea was to generate awe and respect, and prepare lesser mortals for a meeting with the goddess.

        Construction began in 437 BC, but was halted five year later by the Pelopon-nesian War and never finished.

        The central and largest of the gateways was intended for chariots and approached by a ramp: steps lead up to the four other entries.

        As you reach the porch, you’ll see Ionic as well as Doric columns; this was the first building to incorporate both styles (compare the solid majesty of the Doric with the light elegance of the Ionic).

        The Pinakotheke on the left side housed a gallery of paintings done on wooden panels, depicting heroic deeds.

        Propylaea Acropolis, Dionysiou Areopagitou, Athina 105 58, Greece
      • Temple of Athena Nike

        This enchanting temple, with a graceful Ionic portio, perches high on a terrace off to the right (southwest) of the Propylaea, and has a glorious panorama of the sea and distant mountains.

        Built between 427 and 424 BC by the architect Callicrates, during a respite from the Peloponnesian War, it was devoted to Athena as the goddess of peace and victory.

        The temple housed a statue of her which became known as the Wingless Victory herself was always shown with wings. The temple was torn down by the Turks in 1687 to make way for an artillery position; the one which is now standing was later painstakingly reassembled from the rubble by archaeologists during the 19th and 20th centuries.

        Passing through the Propylaea, you come out into the great sloping plateau of the Acropolis. Try to imagine the scene 2,400 years ago, when these masterworks of architecture and sculpture were going up. Scores of stone cutters; carpenters, founders and braziers, goldsmiths, ivory workers, painters, dyers, and even embroiderers swarmed over this ground. For the most part they were freemen, not slaves, practitioners of nearly every art and craft then known.

        Dominating the immediate foreground was an enormous bronze statue of Athena under another guise – Athena Promachos, the Defender. This statue of the goddess holding shield and spear was created by Phipias to honour the visitor at Marathon.

        It’s said that sailors could spot the tip of her helmet as their ships sailed around the gulf from Sounion. That statue stood here for 1,000 years, until it was carted off to Constantinople in the 6th century AD.

        Temple of Athena Nike Acropolis, Dionysiou Areopagitou, Athina 105 58, Greece
      • Theatre of Dionysus

        The famous plays of Sophocles, Euripides, Aeschylus and Arisophanes were first staged here in the Theatro Dionisou beneath the Acropolis, in what is now a rebuilt but crumbling theatre.

        The original, 5th-century-BC theatre had seats hacked out of the earth around a circular stone dancing stage, flush with the ground. The semi-circular marble orchestra that you see today was sculptured by the Romans; the carved relief depicting scenes from Dionysus’ life forms the façade of a raised stage. The backdrop of stone, skene, gave us the world scene.

        The theatre held about 17.000 spectators. The names of top officials were curved into 67 front-row thrones of Pentelic marble. The place of honour is the lion-footed throne of the high priest of Dionysus Eleftherious.

        Juste behind it stands the throne of Hadrian. Before and after a play, Athenians would promenade in the Stoa of Eumenes (Stoa Evmenous), an arched, two-tiered colonnade built in the 2nd century BC; only a section of it remains. It ran more than 150m (1500ft) from the theatre along to the smaller Odeon of Herodes Atticus.

         

        Theatre of Dionysus Mitseon 25, Athina 117 42, Greece
      • Odeon of Herodes Atticus
        Summer plays and concerts are stages in this restored ancient theatre.

        Atticus was rich Athenian who donated the theatre to the city in AD 161, in memory of his deceased wife.

        The triple-tiered, arched façade is typical of Roman theatre, but the white marbles seats are modern restoration.
        Odeon of Herodes Atticus Areopagitou Dionisiou, Athina 105 55, Greece
      • Anafiotika

        Following Epicharmou street off to the left from Tripodon, you come to a remarkable white-washed village within the city: Anafiotika.

        To come with the severe housing shortage experienced in Athens after Greek independence, a law was passed which permitted anyone who built a house – or at least managed to get its roof up – between sunset and sunrise to occupy it.

        The first people to quality were two stone masons from the tiny Aegean island of Anafi. They were followed by other Anafiots, also masons, who built and restored houses and churches in their native style.

        As a result, this part of Athens resembles a Greek island, and today, the Anafiots living on the heights of Plaka outnumberthe 350 residents on their native Anafi.

        Anafiotika, Athina 117 42, Greece
      • Plaka

        Plaka, Athens’ oldest quarter, is the most charming part of the city. Strictly speaking, the whole area south of Ermou Street is Plaka, but the heart lies close to the Acropolis.

        The two main thoroughfares are Kidathineon and Adrianou, which intersect just below Platika Filikis Eterias, the quarter’s large, leafy main square.

        A mixture of ancient ruins, Byzantine churches and lively taverns are packed into under half a square kilometer. The main delight here is the atmosphere of the winding streets, many of which follow ancient footpaths climbing up towards the Acropolis. Without warning you’ll come upon stunning views of the Acropolis, the Agora, or the distant peak of Mount Lycabettus (Likavittos).

        Plaka, Athens 105 58, Greece
      • Tripodon
        Featuring impressive balconied villas from the early 19th century this street is worthy of a visit.

        In ancient times, winners of Dionysian contests placed their prizes – tripods filled with sacred oil – on pedestals along this street, whence its name, ‘Street of the Tripods’.
        Tripodon, Athina, Greece
      • Choragic Monument of Lysicrates

        The Monument of Lysicrates (Mnimion Liskratous) dates from the 4th century BC. The six Corinthaian columns support a dome built from a single block of marble.

        On top stood a bronze tripod awarded to a boys’ chorus in a drama competition staged in 334 BC. The frieze depicts Dionysus transforming Etruscan pirates into dolphins. In the 17th century, Capuchin monks incorporated the monument in their monastery (which later burned down).

        In 1810 Lord Byron stayed there and wrote poetry sitting between the columns.

        Choragic Monument of Lysicrates Epimenidou 3, Athina 105 58, Greece

      Exchange Rate History Greece

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      Climate near Parthenon

      Do you know of anything else about the enviroment that makes you happy to come to Parthenon? If it's a city or neighbourhood are there any climatic, or microclimatic features that you could tell others about. If the location is a building or place, then can you describe it maybe as "sun-lit", or "cold in the mornings". We'd love you to contribute - why not let us know in the drop box below

      Graphic showing average weather in Parthenon in Celcius and Centimeters (Change to Farenheit and Inches)

      Month Temp °C Rainfall Cm Temp °F Rainfall Inches
      Jan 10.6 61.2 51.1 24.1
      Feb 11.1 46.3 52 18.2
      Mar 12.7 37.9 54.9 14.9
      Apr 16.3 22.8 61.3 9
      May 20.7 20.7 69.3 8.1
      Jun 25.1 12.1 77.2 4.8
      Jul 28.2 4 82.8 1.6
      Aug 28.1 7.8 82.6 3.1
      Sep 24.7 15.4 76.5 6.1
      Oct 20.5 51.9 68.9 20.4
      Nov 16 66.8 60.8 26.3
      Dec 12.6 75.7 54.7 29.8

      Travel Info

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        Google Reviews Parthenon

        Here are some reviews of Parthenon - don't forget to let us know how you got on by using the drop box at the bottom of the page, or joining our community and making a review.

        • Awe-inspiring place as it’s perched atop a hill. Not easy to walk up as the path has stones that are well worn and slippery. Quite a few slipped so be careful. View is great once you are up there. You can see the surrounding hills with a good view of the various Temples and ruins. The Parthenon itself is amazing. You can actually see where the restored white marble is incorporated into the original stones and placed back into position.
        • Even though it is a great place, looks like some part of it is always under maintenance. This takes away a little bit of fun. Having said that standing on top of Acropolis hill next to Parthenon is a fantastic feeling. Before heading towards the hill I strongly suggest to visit the museum first. That museum kick-starts your imagination. Also it may be a nice idea to cover all other monuments nearby Acropolis hill in Athens before visiting Parthenon. From every place you can see Parthenon.
        • Visiting the Parthenon was really a nice event as it is so famous and historic. The drawback with visiting here like so many other very famous sites is the huge crowd. On the way to the Parthenon one may be down by Mars Hill to walk toward the Parthenon. The best moments and pictures I experienced were there.
        • What a beautiful place,totally worth the visit. The historical sight and the sunset behind the Acropolis looks just perfect.You can see the city from a good height,the sea,mountains and the landscape is breathtaking. Felt really refreshed at this sight.
        • We had a pretty special experience here. Lived in Greece for 6 months. Athens was the hub. One of our archeology professors made some amazing discoveries regarding the Athena Nike Temple. After his discoveries we're published, he became a star amongst the archeologists and engineers in the area. In this picture, we were inside the Parthenon, discussing the rebuild taking place. The engineer is explaining to us how unbelievable the ancients were when it came to construction.

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          Name : Parthenon
          Address : Parthenon Athens 105 58, Greece
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