Read below for travel health advice on diseases and special needs from the MDtravelhealth channel.
There are two medical problems which can result from cold exposure. One is frostbite, which is the formation of ice crystals within living tissue, most often the nose, cheeks, chin, fingers, and toes. The first sign is numbness and redness, followed by the development of a waxy, white or yellow plaque. In severe cases, frostbite leads to hemorrhagic blisters, gangrene and loss of the body part. The other complication of cold exposure is hypothermia, which is an abnormally low body temperature caused by loss of heat. The chief symptoms are shivering, confusion, memory loss, drowsiness, exhaustion, fumbling hands, and slurred speech.
To prevent hypothermia and frostbite, keep all body surfaces covered, including the head and neck. Synthetic materials such as Gore-Tex and Thinsulate provide excellent insulation. Since the body loses heat faster when wet, stay dry at all times. Change inner garments promptly when they become moist. Keep active, but get enough rest. Consume plenty of food and water. Be especially sure not to have any alcohol. Caffeine and tobacco should also be avoided.
Observe companions closely. Watch out for the "Umbles" - stumbles, mumbles, fumbles, and grumbles - which are important signs of impending hypothermia. If someone appears to be developing hypothermia, he or she should be insulated from the ground, protected from the wind, stripped of wet clothing, covered with a vapor barrier such as a plastic bag (except for the nose and mouth), warmed with hot water bottles in the armpits and groin, and transported immediately to a warm environment and a medical facility. Warm fluids (but not coffee or tea) may be given if the person is alert enough to swallow. The very old and the very young are at greatest risk for hypothermia.
From "International Travel and Health" (WHO)
From the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
From "Health Information for Overseas Travel" (U.K.)
The MDtravelhealth channel is a source of travel health information for travellers, written by medical professionals.
The MDtravelhealth channel relies on medical professionals from all over the world to maintain the Travel Health Information on these pages.
Topic Tags are what bind the Red Planet Travel site together, and are very important.
This place has been tagged:
Before you apply read about the Medical Professionals Roles on Red Planet TravelYou need to be logged in and have applied to MDth channel to contribute to this page.
We are looking to grow the information on this site, if you have something to contribute to any page then we'd like to hear from you.
What's more you can now earn money (paid direct via Paypal) for writing descriptions about places you know.
You will need to tell other members about yourself and your relevant knowledge and experience about what you want to contribute about.
Look below for some example page types, and types of people whose views on a place might be useful to know.
Page Type: Hotel
Tell us your job, knowledge, experience..
My Experience: Doctor
If you are the owner/manager of any place, then you can, of course, take control of your page and add relevant information other visitors might want to know